The Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan signed a decree on abolishment of the State Drug Control Service. After a triumphant return in 2010, the agency once again became unnecessary. Why SDCS did not please the authorities?
Create to reject
The history of this department started in 1993. Then the president of the country Askar Akayev signed a decree on establishing a national agency which was supposed to monitor the legal drug trafficking in the country.
During the work of the State Drug Control Committee (SDCC), Kyrgyzstan in 1994 joined the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs dated 1961, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances dated 1971 and the UN Convention on the fight against drug trafficking dated 1988.
Employees of SDCC have worked out a law on narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors, adopted on May 22, 1998. In June 2003, Askar Akayev signed a decree on the establishment on the basis of the State Drug Control Committee a Drug Control Agency (DCA). It was funded first by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.
After the revolution of 2005 and Kurmanbek Bakiyev's coming to power, the situation has changed. The new leadership of the country did not need the committee.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev believed that the agency did not work effectively, and even contributed to the spread of drugs in the country.
Therefore, in October 2009, he signed a decree on liquidation of SDCC with the transfer of its functions to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Health Care. Critics claimed that now the police would be "shedding" transportation of drugs and corruption would grow. There have even been suggestions that the service was abolished due to the fact that the Bakiyevs influenced the drug business.
In 2010, there was a second revolution in Kyrgyzstan. President fled the country, the opposition came to power. And the Drug Control Service turned out to be in demand again.
Because of the worsening of the drug situation and after the tragic events of June 2010 in the south, a presidential decree dated August 17, 2010 in Kyrgyzstan created the State Drug Control Service.
Six years have passed. The authorities again took up the reforms in the law enforcement system and optimization of services work. After studying the acting system, SDCS turned out to be unnecessary again. There were voiced the same reasons - inefficient work.
"Defense Council came to a conclusion that we need a single body which will deal with the problem. The Ministry of Internal Affairs, having shown more efficiency, will be engaged in it henceforth," Temir Dzhumakadyrov said.
Explaining journalists the decision to eliminate the service, chairman of the Defense Council Temir Dzhumakadyrov noted that the figures of the Interior Ministry in the fight against drug trafficking were several times higher than the SDCS indicators. During 2015, SDCS has solved 18 percent of the crimes, and the Ministry of Interior - 80 percent. In addition, the number of seized drugs by SDCS was equal to 17.8 percent, by the Interior Ministry - 81.2 percent.
Stepping on old rake?
So the service is abolished. Like six years ago, its functions are being transferred to the Health Care Ministry and MIA. The views of experts on this issue differ. Someone thinks that the decision is really important and necessary. Say, that in such a way we will be able to gradually move away from duplication of powers of law enforcement agencies.
But some experts believe that after the dissolution of the SDCS situation with drug trafficking will only worsen, as there will be no well-trained specialists who conducted a systematic fight against the importation of drugs from Afghanistan. This is also the opinion, for example, of the chairperson of the Public Council of SDCS Batma Estebesova.
"Public Council under the SDCS generally supports the initiatives of the government, the Defense Council in carrying out reforms in the law enforcement bodies amid the economic instability, the budget deficit. But it believes that the decision to abolish SDCS is premature, erroneous and even dangerous. Today, it is advisable to talk about the need to improve SDCS potential, optimize the activities, improve the organizational, financial and personnel policies and the efficiency of work," Batma Estebesova believes.
Authorities have prepared one more explanation for opponents of SDCS abolishment. Say, the service was also liquidated in neighboring Russia. We are on their way. This is true. The Federal Service for Drug Control was abolished by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin dated July 5, 2016 on the improvement of public administration in the field of drug, psychotropic substances and their precursors control and in the field of migration.
In all the identity of the documents, they have one important difference - item No. 4 of the Presidential Decree. It relates to the future employees of the disbanded services.
It clearly states that the staff of drug control authorities wishing to enter the service of the internal affairs bodies shall be taken without probation and re-certification. They are preserved military rank not above colonel, timing of vacation and service record.
The Kyrgyz version of the decree on liquidation of SDCS has not a single word about the fate of the employees of the service. In fact, they will be on the streets in two months. And these are the professionals.
The State Service for Drug Control will cease to exist in February 2017. When this happened under Kurmanbek Bakiyev, the volume of seized from illegal trafficking drugs dropped significantly for the year. Experts believe that the situation will repeat. But whether we can withstand the drug threat?