Kyrgyzstan is a full member of the Eurasian Economic Union for almost 15 months. At least, so they say. And recall that membership in EEU allows to lobby interests at the union level. But this is only a theory, but in practice we have to obey the rules that integration colleagues dictate.
Not all talons are issed equally
In late September, the Eurasian Economic Commission has accused Kyrgyzstan of duplication border control. The stumbling block was the introduction of talon that entrepreneurs must fill in during the passage of the Kyrgyz Republic border. The EEC considered it as an obstacle to free trade.
The talon shall contain information that entrepreneur provides during the customs declaration of goods - the cost and weight of goods, the name of the currency, the first two positions of the code of the commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity, information about the shipper and consignee. In fact, it is customs control.
But the EEC somehow forgot that the KR has introduced such a rule not because it wanted to but because it has to. For the second year in a row the country is trying to fight with a huge flow of contraband, which flooded into the country after the opening of the borders. The talon became one way to control the situation somehow.
Because of unscrupulous importers, Kyrgyzstan monthly received less than 200 million soms of taxes. The monthly forecast for the tax on the import is 1.8 billion soms, but only 1.6 billions have been collected.
The country's first reaction was loud. The Ministry of Economy immediately voiced its "pish." The Office said it is not going to cancel the talon system and doesn't understand the EEC claims.
Talon on the passage of goods through the border doesn't limit the importation of goods in Kyrgyzstan from the EEU countries, and the border guards can't check the cargo to match information in the talon with the real value of the goods.
It was noted that the talons were introduced for the administration of indirect taxes. It meets the requirements of agreements and protocols on the import and handling of goods in the customs territory of the EEU. They said that every country has the right to control the movement of goods through its territory.
Kyrgyzstan has even sent a letter to the Eurasian Economic Commission with a demand to cancel the decision. But what was the answer, it is not clear so far. Rather, it quickly became clear - despite the disturbance, Kyrgyzstan will still fulfill the conditions of EEC.
One has to obey
The reaction was not long in coming. Already on October 3, 2016 there was announced a decree "On measures to ensure the integration of goods transported across the state border of the Kyrgyz Republic within the framework of trade with the EEU countries."
On October 26, Kyrgyzstan introduced a new rule of goods importation from countries of the Union. Importers no longer have to fill out a talon on passage of the state border.
Now it is enough to have only accompanying note. Officially, the purpose of innovation - to ensure the completeness of accounting of goods transported through the border and equal competitive conditions for domestic producers.
"Submission of accompanying note during the importation of goods, instead of talons on passage of the state border will keep records of imports more accurately," Deputy Chairman of the State Tax Service Oktyabr Abdykaimov said.
The State Tax Service recognizes that the problem is still actual when the goods are imported with a significant reduction in the actual price or volume. There are many cases when the goods are registered on non-existent recipients or indicate those who don't import it.
If a businessman, importing goods from the EEU, won't have accompanying note when crossing the border, he still will be let in the Kyrgyz Republic.
Border guards will inform the mobile group about this, which will accompany the importer to a warehouse, where it can provide the required documents. If the entrepreneur doesn't even have a tax registration, he will be offered to register and pay the necessary fees. If a businessman doesn't agree, he will be fined.
Bureaucracy in action
The new accounting system of movement of goods through the border will take effect tomorrow. However, employers are already complaining that the new rules complicate their lives again.
The association of suppliers, producers and distributors appealed to the Ministry of Economy and the State Tax Service with the request to solve their problem. The fact is that from October 26 private individual or legal person, going to import goods to Kyrgyzstan for entrepreneurial business, should get a certificate of tax registration in the State Tax Service.
"We tried to get certificate at the State Tax Service in advance, because the goods will arrive at the border on October 26. But we were told that the certificate will be issued only since October 26. It is still unclear what documents are needed for this," President of the Association of Suppliers, Producers and Distributors Gulnara Uskenbaeva said.
She noted that businessmen are not against government regulation. But ask that the necessary documents were prepared in advance. In addition, the final draft government resolution has been agreed upon with the working group. But the Cabinet insists that all the documents relating to the interests of entrepreneurs are agreed with them.
Many suppliers will receive goods on the night of October 25 to 26. They will be able to receive certificate only on 26th. It turns out cargo and transport will stand idle the whole day, which creates additional problems for the business.
Neighbors waiting for month
It should be noted that in late September, the EEC adopted two decisions, related to the situation on the Kyrgyz-Kazakh border. The second concerns our neighbors - Kazakhstan. It must remove the phytosanitary border posts.
The decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission shall enter into force one month after its official publication. It expires on October 26. Kyrgyzstan hopes that the neighbors will remove the posts on this day. However, Kazakhstan has no movement in that direction yet.
Here's an easy arithmetic. Kyrgyzstan indulges in breast-beating, but eventually fulfills all the prescribed above. And Kazakhstan quietly operates exclusively in its own interests. And its tactics is winning so far.