Even twenty years ago it was difficult to write about science. It grew rapidly, new fundamental researches, directions and discoveries occurred. In order to be competent even in a sphere, one should have finger on the pulse of scientific life - read, learn, consult.
Now it is painful to write about science. Whatever you remember, everything is with negative sign, negative particle: lack of funding, lack of personnel, unwillingness of youth to learn science, disregard of the government to field needs... The list of losses can be continued. In recent years scientific field looks like battlefield: destroyed, deserted, neglected, forgotten, strength is crashed; positions are held by certain resisting enthusiasts... Just in case clarify: we are talking about Kyrgyzstan.
One would feel sorry but for one slight hitch: in the country which can't boast of its scientific discoveries and breakthrough in any field, from year to year appears more and more doctors and candidates of science. Magically happened that for the years of independence it has become a habit to obtain a scientific degree. Many officials holding even not scientific but public posts have degrees. Now it is inappropriate not to have it. Oh, you are not a doctor or even not a candidate? Beat it. It is not accepted in our company.
Lately, during Parliament proceedings on "status of science, innovation in the KR and prospects for further developments" the Chairman of the Higher Attestation Commission of the KR Abdyrakhman Mavlyanov reported that there are about 800 doctors and more than 3,000 candidates of science in our republic. According to them, for academic degree candidates are paid additional 300 soms, doctors - 600 soms.
Rise in pay is not so large of course, but the fact remains: our officials like to swagger, and how to entertain on your own precious self?
"The government improved payments in 2007, and since then amount of payment hasn't changed. This question should be reconsidered: good excess payments would encourage youth to pursue science," Abdyrakhman Mavlyanov added. We also should regain the trust of society to academic degrees, on that purpose the Higher Attestation Commission created working groups," he concluded.
But there is another side of the coin. Devaluation of degree. But how can we talk about trust of society to academic degrees if almost every state official is entitled with it?
The deputy of the Parliament Omurbek Bakirov suggests depriving state officials of excess payments for academic degrees. "Maybe we should keep excess payments for workers of academic institutions, but for workers of other departments should be deprived of excess payment for academic degrees. Scientific works are written for science, not for excess payments," Omurbek Bakirov notes. Probably he is right saying about depriving state officials of degrees. But I can't agree that it is right not to encourage scientists financially. They also should be encouraged as any other worker. Material incentive - is time-proved thing. It operates trouble-free.
Kanat Sadykov reported, that funding of science through the Ministry of Education grows. In 2010 the Ministry allocated 87 million soms, in 2014 - 148 million soms. "What means are spent for? Generally for wages and retirement fund. And only 3 million soms are left for research and development. That's why it is necessary to increase the sum of funding," he said.
Scientists ask to increase it at least up to the level of Tajikistan. Academician Zhanybek Sharshenaliev reported that in Kyrgyzstan only 0.08 percent from GDP is allocated for science. "In Tajikistan, where there was a war, this indicator is 0.7 percent or almost 10 times more than here. In Russia - 1.25 percent, in EU - 2 percent, in the USA - 3-4 percent." It is also necessary to increase salaries of scientists in several times and open funding under the Article "Equipment". Today no one deals with reequipment, present equipment is out of date," he said.
Personnel is also out of date. As it was reported at the parliament hearings on this topic, the average age of candidate of science is over 50, and doctor - over 60. Part of scientists under 35 is only 14 percent, under 45 - 30 percent. The average age of population in Kyrgyzstan is 25.2 (in Russia - 38 years).Youth doesn't study in universities; prestige of science in Kyrgyzstan is low.
At the state level people realize that such degrees have no trust and that funds are spent on small excess payments, and there is no significant financial evaluation of scientists' work. So, maybe we should follow famous principle as "better less, but of higher quality"?
Plagiarism is one more problem of scientific world. This theme was also discussed during the parliament hearings. The Member of the Parliament Omurbek Bakirov inquired about how the National Academy of Science fights against such disgraceful phenomenon, especially unacceptable in scientific field. "The Minister of Cultural Affairs of the RF Vladimir Medinsky, four deputies of the State Duma of the RF were accused of plagiarism. Great scandal also happened in Germany. In such developed countries the plagiarism was detected, and in Kyrgyzstan not? Is that really so? It is necessary to raise demands to thesis researches," he said.
And here were absolutely agree with the deputy: demands should be raised. Because those who dodged himself, let the other dodge too, particularly to buy mark, cheat during exam, buy diploma through good relations... All these can be called moral decay of society and it kills the society at the grassroots.
Deputies' concern of this problem is quite clear. About 800 doctors and 3,000 candidates are engaged in science but ineffective. Why?
Let's think what is scientific work, specifically doctorate thesis. This is a new direction in science. It's not statement of facts and their systematization in sections or summing up of work results of any scientific or industrial branch that is only half of the work, but development of methods, methodology, determination of its development.
Century by century, the significance of science grows. Nowadays it is leading form of human cognition and influences on real living conditions. World outlook, productive and social power, which let it to come on board of social development, are coming to the fore. This function is expressed, first of all, in scientific forecasting, in social and economic processes, and social economic process monitoring. Science, from one point of view, is revolutionizing and speeds up production development, but from another side it gains momentum for its own development.
Is there anything similar in Kyrgyzstan? Any breakthrough technologies? Who took them on board? Only questions...
Maybe that's why such provocative statements appear in social networks: "...while we are discussing status of the National Academy of Sciences, state budget allocates $470,000 per month on it's support, the lion's share - salaries and excess payments for "honorable academicians", not considering "compensatory payments on food" to the value of $70,000 monthly. Maybe it is better to eliminate this useless organization?"