Bishkek residents, living in microdistricts, have accustomed to, and maybe even, put up with ubiquitous broken roads and sidewalks, disrupt in some places, ditches, which are covered up with soil, as ancient cities. They are not pleased with the lack of lighting in the capital.
However, the report on capital management of capital construction for 2013 doesn't contain information about the conducted repairs of roads, rehabilitation of irrigation networks within microdistricts. The plan for 2014 hasn't a single line, providing attention to infrastructure of microdistricts. But much money spent for the development of new residential areas, which seal Bishkek off. So, in 2013, the socio-state management of capital construction of the City Hall, which was created for the construction of infrastructure, namely, new residential areas, conducted the contracted works at 452 million soms! It is, mainly, setting of transformer substations, outside lighting, paving of roads, water supply.
New buildings of the city draw a lot of attention for the last few years. They have paved roads, electricity and water supply and schools are constructed there too. That is, infrastructure necessary for normal life of any settlement, is gradually improving. And it pleases.
To be more exact, it is perceived as something for granted. After all, new residential areas are related to the territory of the capital. However, attention is paid to the detriment of microdistricts. Of course, microdistcts and new buildings infrastructure levels can not be compared. But this does not mean that there are no problems with the latter. Microdistricts, with the help of which the city started to grow rapidly, deteriorate in front of our eyes. One can feel desolation, everywhere, shortage of money and lack of control.
A resident of the capital Uran Kozhaliev, having worked in the local municipal government for a quarter of century, doesn't remember that "the City Council has ever allocated funds for patching roads, recovery of the irrigation network and lighting of common areas within microdistricts for the last 20 years". Although, to be fair, it should be noted that by the efforts of Bishkeksvet Municipal Enterprise, some lighting repair works are being conducted.
But underground utilities are forgotten and abandoned. As Uran Kozhaliev said, "water and heat supply networks cause concern". "Emergency breakdowns occur at every turn and Bishkekvodokanal as well as Bishkekteploset operate in a rush. A planned replacement of networks is paltry compared to what should be done according to the standards," he complains.
In recent years local authorities (district administrations and municipal territorial offices) have a headache - the state of internal irrigation networks. They are outdated and in some places with high-rise houses, shops and other facilities are closed at all. The consequence of this "visionary" economic activity has become the problem of providing irrigation of green spaces in summer, in other words, drought. For resolving the problem territorial administrations construct irrigation ditches and supply water by their own efforts. It is done late and slow, in an emergency mode, so don't be surprised, when in hot summer period green courtyards will dry up, turn yellow and leaves will fall from trees, like in autumn.
The city budget for 2013 provided 30 million soms on development of residential areas. And this year - already 70 million soms! And these are only funds allocated by Bishkek, excluding financial investments of republican treasury.
At the same time, the Chief of the Municipal Regional Administration №7 Chyngyz Tursaliev of Bishkek Mayor's Office told, the funds for the repairing of roads, lighting and restoration of irrigation districts were not allocated in since the collapse of the Union. Road repair has episodic and local character, when proactive residents or deputies start working.
According to the City Council deputy Uvazirbek Esenamanov, the issue of restoring the infrastructure within the microdistricts has risen, but due to lack of funds they are sent for repair of major highways and networks at first. It turns out that the problem is recognized, discussed, but nothing more is done.
According to the Deputy Chief of Oktyabrsky district of Bishkek city Toktosun Sultanov, every year the Mayors Office receives a list of roads that need patching, including those within microdistricts, but every time this document is put aside. According to the official, they resolve the problem by their own efforts. For example, for improvement of the irrigation system they plotted a map of irrigation networks and agreed with construction companies to repair ditches. By the way, mainly construction companies are implicated in the destruction of roads within microdistricts, because they use large-sized machines while building.
As for patching, individual members of the local council, sometimes, allocate some part of funds when there is money - the district administration reports.
The amount of funds enough for patching can be judged from the following figures. Annually, 500,000 soms are provided for one deputy of the City Council according to the Article "Execution of electoral mandate". Of course, it won't transfer all the money for road repairs. Even if 100,000 soms are allocated, one can patch up a little less than 100 square meters of road. This is a drop in the ocean. There are eleven microdistricts only in Oktyabrsky district!
Debilitated state of microdistricts - direct consequence of the irresponsible policy of the leadership for the past 20 years that followed the path of least resistance and legalized unauthorized acquisition of lands. And today millions of means are transferred for improving the infrastructure of new residential areas, while the microdistricts are turned adrift. Here's such a patchwork: we darn one, the other tears, and our clothes every year is getting worse and worse from year to year.