The last weekend of July was hot. Kyrgyz media reported that the leaders of the parliamentary factions, except Omurbek Tekebayev (Ata Meken), initiated the draft law "On the appointment of the referendum (popular vote) on the law "On Amendments to the Constitution."
Omurbek Tekebayev didn't unite with the authors of the amendments, because he doesn't want to admit to the public that his creation is imperfect.
The news for the general public didn't become sensational as earlier on the sidelines of the parliament there was talk that the draft law was developed long ago. Its appearance was awaited back in April-May, but at the last moment the initiators postponed the presentation.
The time has come. Political circles noticeably brightened. Throwing away sunbeds and hats, sunburn creams, many politicians woke up from a prolonged vacation, and began to study the bill. Those that were in the capital, coordinated and decided to discuss innovations tete-a-tete, to know for sure, what consequences of changes in the fundamental law of the country may arise.
Many deputies concerned, wouldn't the current convocation of the parliament disbanded, because they went into its composition with big difficulties and a lot of money and haven't returned their investment yet. However, these doubts were unnecessary. The second article of the bill states that there won't be early presidential and parliamentary elections. However, these doubts were unnecessary. In the second article of the bill states that the early presidential and parliamentary elections will not be. According to the bill, the president and the Parliament "shall hold office until the end of the term for which they were elected." The same applies to members of the Government, the Prosecutor General, Chairman of the Accounts Chamber and the National Bank. They will remain in office until the expiration of the term for which they were elected or appointed, or before the other, provided by the laws circumstances, entailing release from office.
The initiators of the amendments to the basic law of the country don't hide that powers of the Prime Minister will be strengthened, members of the parliament will keep the mandates, even after his appointment to senior posts in the government. They preserve the right to vote on bills adopted in the House. Resignation, removal from office and termination of the duties of the Prime Minister or the Vice Prime Minister, for deputy entails the restoration of his parliamentary powers in full.
An important detail: the norm at which our country must fulfill the recommendations of international organizations on judicial decisions is excluded from the Constitution. That is, the priority will be for our standards, not international.
Amendments concern the right of exemption from criminal liability for the prescription of the crime. The investigation should be completed and the case to submitted to court, regardless of the onset of the limitation period. At the same time the powers of the President are the same. Innovations applied to the Speaker of the parliament. His term of office is terminated with the collapse of the coalition of the parliamentary majority.
Adjustments more than enough
The collapse of the coalition entails government's resignation. A member of the government, with the exception of heads of the state bodies responsible for defense and national security, can be dismissed by the Prime Minister. If, within five working days after receiving the report, the President doesn't issue a decree on relieving member of government from office, the Prime Minister, after consultation with the leaders of factions of the parliamentary majority, has the right to release the members of the government from the position. In case of resignation or dismissal of a member of the government the Prime Minister suggests candidature for the vacant post within five working days.
The decision to withdraw from the majority coalition is adopted by at least two-thirds of the total number of its deputies. The decision is made by the decree and signed by each member of the faction, voted for withdrawal. Previously there was no such rule.
In general, the authors of the amendments to the Constitution excellently tried and seize the unseizable. At the same time they believe that will have enough time to adopt the amendments to the legislation, concerning the referendum in three readings, before the October.
According to the leader of SDPK Isa Omurkulov, the adoption of amendments to the Basic Law of the country - a thoughtful step. "The most important thing is that it indicates: No words on strengthening presidential power and increase the term of office of the head of state," the leader said.
Whether these amendments will pass all three readings in the parliament - an open question. As well as the fact that changes to the Constitution will be adopted by the public in a referendum. But it matters little to the authors. Their task is to initiate a bill and show everyone that they are ready to reshape the long-suffering Constitution as many much as one wishes.