Kyrgyzstan celebrates the 4th anniversary of the events of April 7, 2010. In the run-up to this date 24.kg news agency asked its respondents whether the overthrow of Bakiyev's family-clan regime met the expectations of people.
Maksat Iskakov, the Director of Erkin Consult LLC, 34 years old:
-Yes, to some extent. The Government has worked well. We ended the year with 10 percent of GDP growth and I think, it is the main achievement of the Cabinet. But there aren't any fundamental changes in the quality of the state services and in the work of state bodies in general. The government has been conservative. Without striking breakthrough ideas. But one can note that the Government turned its face to the agricultural producers, its processors, motorists, meaning the abolition of the vehicle inspection. The fight against corruption and fights has increasingly improved. Among the achievements we can also note the agreement with Russia on construction of HPP, initiation of major projects - Datka-Kemin power transmission line, construction of Bishkek-Osh alternative road, development of the Strategy for Sustainable Development. It should be noted that this document has been implemented, despite taking over of governments. I would like to hope that we will preserve continuity of the strategy's implementation. After all, previously, priorities and approaches changed with formation of a new government.
Rashidkhan Khodzhaev, the Chairman of Alisher Navoi Uzbek National Center, resident of Osh city:
-Four years passed, but new government is not working at pace. Especially in the south. It seemed that we had duality of power. On the one hand - Melis Myrzakmatov, on the other - the central government. I think that power tends to work well, but people do not allow doing it, constantly conducting rallies. We need hard power. Our people should be friends with law enforcement agencies. After the events of 2010, police did not justify the people's trust. People no longer trust law enforcement officers. But that all changed after Suiun Omurzakov was appointed the Chief of the Interior Ministry in the southern region. People began to trust law enforcement bodies.
Mukar Cholponbayev, the Leader of the Movement of Kyrgyzstan Salvation:
-The authorities didn't fulfill the promises, which were given at the funeral of the participants of April events. Unluckily for people, the current government outdid both Akayev and Bakiyev. These are they - the main culprits of the events of June 2010. So many times the media released the information about telephone conversations between Omurbek Tekebayev and the main instigator of the events - Kadyrjan Batyrov. But officially no one gave a rebuttal on it. The new authorities are to blame for victims in the south. As another argument not favorable to the current government can be called the story of the former Prime Minister Zhantoro Satybaldiev, who was accused of embezzling public funds.
Aida Alymbayeva, independent expert:
-New leadership met people's expectations only partially. There wasn't a drastic change of administrative elite and only old methods are applied for resolving deep problems. As a result, we have made no progress on the issues of public administration reforms, judiciary and law enforcement, local government, social and economic spheres. Social status of citizens and, especially, of rural residents, remains difficult. The country continues inter-elite struggle for resources, spheres of influence, but there is no ideological competition. The political elite is concerned, mainly, about the preservation and consolidation of its power, and therefore, nobody is talking about long-term development of the country, focusing only on solving immediate and short-term objectives.
In general, the existing power outlook in the country shows that the near future will be represented by slow, sluggish, but not radical transformations. The main thing - these changes to be carried out in a positive way.
Abdykalyk Kasymov, pensioner, resident of Kashgar-Maala village of Suzak district, Jalal -Abad province:
-Didn't justify. There is no relationship between the government and the people. Previously, the government has resolved the issues in the field at a meeting with the public. Sometimes the authorities were removed from the post for insufficient work at once. And now even the local authorities don't meet with people, not to mention members of the government.
Local officials work only with those having money. Some have applied the technique through leasing and work very expensively. What about those who have little money? Someone took lands, but don't sow anything and rent them out. The government doesn't check what is happening on the ground. It is not interested in leasing issues. Here isn't state in the village stadium bathhouses in a village. Every object is private. If you want to play football, pay money then. And if one has little money? Then how to be? Why the authorities don't think about this category of people?
Alybek Akunov, the Doctor of Historical Sciences, the Head of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Kyrgyz State Technical University (KSTU) named after I. Razzakov:
- If we compare the political developments that have taken place after the events of March 24, 2005, and political processes occurred after April 7, 2010, then, of course, there is a development. Indeed, after March 2005 the country's leadership started to strengthen the power of one family. And after the events of April it was not allowed. And it's very good. However, the power expected of people, did not come too. Still many important decisions are made behind the scenes, there is still strong corruption, and the power is represented by people who steal money from treasury.
Kurbandzhan Paizulayeva, the Assistant Professor of the University of Economics and Business, resident of Jalal-Abad city:
- I don't notice significant changes. Life has become more difficult. Corruption has been and continues to exist, not enough attention is paid to education. Two or three children sleep in the same beds in kindergartens. Foodstuffs and utilities become inconspicuously expensive. Results of the works are not visible.
Idiris Kubatbekov, the Director of "Human Rights and Democracy" Center in Osh city:
- Those authorities, who came after the April revolution promised radical reforms in all spheres. But, as we see today really little is made from what was promised. I remember that people were promised to increase the share of Kyrgyzstan in Kumtor project up to its privatization. Promised to establish lower electricity tariffs as well as to reform judicial system. In short, they promised whole mountains of gold. But what we see in reality? Except for fight against corruption, there aren't any efficient things. And that is not to say that we have managed to eradicate corruption. At the same time there were human casualties as a result of the events of June 2010. The leadership of the country has a moral responsibility for this, even if it does not exist legally.
They talked about attracting young people into government. Currently there is only a reshuffle of personnel and the same people are in power, as before. We need to adopt a law on lustration. Only in this case we may have changes.
Akzhol Kozhoev, resident of Orozbekov village of Kadamjai district, Batken province, unemployed:
- Yes, we can say, it justified. It is better now than under the previous regime. For example, there is not so much paperwork red tape. I run from pillar to post now to spent gas into the house, and less red tape documentation. Such under the previous government was not. Much has become easier in terms of paperwork.
Alexander Bobrov, the financial manager of Pervaya Metallobaza LLC, 22 years old, resident of the capital:
- As a positive thing, I can say that the government in Kyrgyzstan has replaced in a civilized manner as well as in developed countries. I mean delegation of powers of the caretaker president Otunbayeva to her successor Atambayev. But there aren't any radical changes for the better. We are in the Asian country; I think we need a single leader, who will be responsible. But we have a parliamentary country and you do not know who is responsible. While the West insists that it is better when a country has a parliamentary form of government. It is difficult to say what is better. And so, life takes its course, either under the previous government, or the current one.
Bakir Khamitaliev, the cardiac surgeon in Jalal-Abad regional hospital, resident of Yrys village, Suzak district:
- Didn't meet expectations. There aren't fundamental changes. For example, I'm a villager. Each year I have problems with hiring of agricultural machinery, there isn't price regulation. They fix the prices they like. And when the irrigation season starts, there are constant conflicts. There are many cases when people fight for irrigation water, and people end up in hospital. All of the above mentioned situations existed until April 2010, and remained at present. Nothing has changed.
Gulchekhra Abdullayeva, merchant, 25 years old, Kadamzhay village, Batken province:
-Nothing much has been done. But the situation hasn't worsened. It's bearable.
Talant Sadakbayev, the President of the independent Engineering Association, a member of the Public Oversight Board of the Kyrgyz Transport and Communications Ministry:
-It justified, to some extent. We don't have previous family-clan regime. Close people of the President don't interfere with politics. And then, not so much depends on one person. We should do much by ourselves. Now society has become more active. As a positive thing we can note that they began to reckon with society and public pressure. The public oversight bodies were formed, we started combating corruption to some extent and there is some movement. It is not only the county's leadership merit, but also public one. If not for the pressure of public, who would be engaged in the processes that are taking place? The authorities began to reckon with the opposition. And the most important thing is that we learn to keep a balance. And, probably, due to it we won't have bloody, hard confrontations between authorities and society.