After tragic events in southern Kyrgyzstan four years have passed. June clashes of 2010 in Osh, Jalal-Abad took a heavy toll of human lives, and many people were left homeless. Just remember this and know the grief of loss - not enough, it is necessary to comprehend the essence of the tragedy, its causes, in order to avoid repetition. What lesson Kyrgyzstanis should draw from Osh events? 24.kg news agency asked its respondents about it.
Erkinazor Bainazarov, Osh city resident:
- The bitterest lesson - is that we have learned the value of peace. I think that not only we, but also other neighboring republics have learned from Osh events. One needs maintain stability, appreciate what we have - peace. We must remember that we are all - the Muslims, the peoples who lived in a good neighborliness for centuries. Kyrgyz people gave their daughters in marriage to Uzbeks, those - for Kyrgyz. There are enough such transnational families in our days. No need to stand apart. We must remember this, we must strengthen family ties. This will help to heal the wounds from those events.
Idiris Kubatbekov, the Director of "Human Right and Democracy" Center in Osh:
- We should remember that Kyrgyzstan is a multiethnic country, and Osh city - not only the southern capital of the republic, but also a cosmopolitan city. Always remember that even a small argument at the household level can grow into conflict. Osh events in 2010 occurred from the weakness of the state power at that time, and the separatists took advantage of that. Not people, but especially those in power should draw lessons from this. City residents must understand that small quarrels, misunderstandings - is the norm. It's important - how to react, how to interpret such conflicts. For example, if children of Kyrgyz and Uzbek quarreled, the latter shouldn't immediately present this as a discrimination of Uzbeks, and Kyrgyz people shouldn't say that the Uzbeks became impudent. And Kyrgyz and Uzbeks must understand one thing: the instigators of such events, in which case, run away, as shown, but we will still live here.
I remember after the events of June we all lived isolated, without contacting with each other till September. But with the beginning of new school year everyone had to get out of their shells, because there is a need to guide children to school, to study, to work. We live here and we have to remember it always.
I will never forget the night of June 10, 2010. For the first time I've realized what the war is. In an instant, riots broke out on peaceful city. If there is no peace and stability, everything else is worthless. The most important wealth is peace.
Pavel Dyatlenko, the Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor:
- The situation in the field of ethnic relations in southern Kyrgyzstan is quite complicated. Unfortunately, the potential for conflict still remains, because of unequal access to resources and power, unequal representation of different ethnic communities in government, non-prosecution of any manifestations of nationalism and discrimination, failure to provide the state of equal rights and opportunities for all citizens, declarative and one-sided legislation. The authority didn't do any strategic conclusions. Authorities are trying to stabilize the situation by ineffective measures: a department for ethnic, religious policy and interaction with civil society in the president's office, the State Agency for Local Government and Ethnic Relations of the Government of the Republic were formed; concept and program mainly aimed at the development of the state language were accepted.
To neutralize the potential for conflict the political elite requires willpower to solve these issues, community support and time. One should remember that the ethnic and language policies and processes have long and complex character. It is also necessary to build linguistic and ethnic politics in accordance with the interests of multi-ethnic society, opinion different communities and citizens, global and regional trends, international obligations; gradually move to the international obligations of Kyrgyzstan to ensure equality and non-discrimination; learn and use a wealth of experience in multi-ethnic and multicultural societies with democratic regimes; realistically and consistently maintain multicultural diversity, bilingualism and multilingualism, and use them as tools for development.
Paiyzbubu Odiyeva, Osh city resident:
- I remember, on June 10, 2010, as usual, I went for a work in the morning. I work as a nurse in the hospital, which is located in Cheryomushki district. Everything seemed quite. I came to the hospital - and then it started. We couldn't leave the place of work for 3 days. Sitting together with patients without light, without bread... I don't know whether they knew beforehand or it was coincidence, but husbands of 5-6 Uzbeks, who were in the hospital took them home the day before these events. The hospital received injured in fires, with gunshot wounds, bleeding... Only after 3 days we were provided security. And the ability to change shift appeared only after 10 days. We scared to go home alone.
It was rumored that our colleagues with whom we worked together for 30 years, met a few days before the events. They returned to work only after one and a half months. At first it was hard to work together again, but we overcame this feeling and broke the barrier. Now it makes no sense to accuse someone of something. We need to focus on development. Although everyday fear still remained (people are afraid to come alone in mono-ethnic neighborhoods), we have learned from those experiences a great lesson: don't succumb to rumors and provocations.
Bakhtiyar Fattakhov, acting president of Republican Uzbek National Cultural Center:
- The first thing needed is to examine the causes of this tragedy. There were many different commissions and conclusions. Now we need to implement these conclusions not only on paper, but in reality, to find practical application. Why did these events happen in 2010? They were similar to the events in the early 1990s. And because the causes of the events of the 1990s haven't been deeply analyzed, there were no preventive measures to prevent them. Our task now - to prevent it from happening again. We should call a spade a spade.
That time the local authorities were criminalized, Uzbek entrepreneurs were under the control of criminal gangs, who at one time took tribute, all that led to a confrontation between the two fraternal peoples. Drag trafficking in southern areas also needs to be taken into consideration. Many people say that there was no third force. But there were forces interested in the fact that there was no stability in our country. That we, the indigenous people of this territory - Kyrgyz and Uzbeks, fought with each other. Therefore we should take real steps based on existing conceptual documents. Which one? We need to educate and train our young people on the basis of real history. We are very close nations, which historically have much in common. We should conduct normal ethnic politics.
Effectiveness of ethnic politics is expressed in the representation of ethnic groups in management, in government. If it is not, it just talks will remain. Strength of Kyrgyzstan is in diversity. And this diversity should be used as an element of growth.
Alla Pyatibratova, Media Resource Center:
- On many issues relating to the events there are still no answers. There are many gaps, and there is no picture as such. Many things we still don't know. After the tragedy I, of course, didn't start immediately taking pictures. The early days I could communicate with people only a half hour. There was no emotional stress. It's hard when you don't know how to help a person whose house was burned or whose loved one has died. And people all vent and vent, but two years later, these same people couldn't speak because of the emotional exhaustion. Two years later I made photo essay on the construction of new homes, buildings; I compared how it was that time and as it is now. But now there is no such fit. Because exhaustion is big.
I think that those events are not yet well understood. And how many people are missing? At least 28 people and still not found. It's hard even to imagine how their families still live in uncertainty. Burden lies on their hearts, but they continue to live. People mourned their loss, and life goes on. It is said that time is a great healer; I think it doesn't heal, but only softens. In fact, everything remains, nothing passes without a trace. Kyrgyz people should stop blaming each other, confront each other. This is the most important lesson.
Naken Kasiyev, the Head of State Agency of Local Government and Inter-Ethnic Relations:
- The most important lesson: both sides had lost in the result of the conflict. Lost in a large -materially and morally. International image of our country plummeted. Therefore, all Kyrgyz citizens, young and old, must learn the lesson. Only for rehabilitation and construction of destroyed were spent about 8 billion soms.
Emil Gamidov, the member of the Community Advisory Board under the Head of State Agency of Local Government and Inter-Ethnic Relations, department chair of ISITO Legal Research:
- We all have to make conclusions as it is said, don't step on the same rake. We should unite our efforts. I am an internationalist by nature. All of us - people, we must work for the future. What should be done in order not to repeat these events? To work with the population. National gatherings should be declared, you won't be able to gather people in the city, so you need to go on the places, even government representatives. Local authorities played a greater role. They should organize it. They must first of all take the initiative. I live in Luxembourg village. Local government, rural council work well, but there is some inertia. Everything is done on a case by case. But if to speak with people properly, they won't yield to provocations. One shouldn't believe rumors.
Bekzade Aaliyev, the member of "Ittipak" Uigur association:
- It is necessary to hold more meetings with national leaders, so they could work with their people. Through the media they should inform ordinary citizens, that we are all united, Kyrgyzstan - is our common homeland, we all have equal rights. Don't divide people according to nations. I wish that in passport of everyone was written "citizen of Kyrgyzstan". Not need to specify who you are - Azerbaijani, Uzbek and Tatar...