Kyrgyzstan in the UN: in chase of impermanence
21/10-2011 09:27, Bishkek – 24.kg news agency , by Julia MAZYKINA
Is Kyrgyzstan being destroyed?
Kyrgyzstan is fighting for the votes of the members to the UN for non-permanent membership in the Security Council. In fact, the new republic’s authorities continue the started by their predecessors; the country declared about its desire to enter to the Security Council in 1997 in Askar Akayev’s time. Pakistan also gained strength and political weight to the nomination of candidates in 2005 for that the membership in the Security Council is not self-indulgence and flirting with major powers but the ability to take far-reaching decisions that are important to the troubled region in contradistinction from the small Central Asian country.
Despite the fact that Kyrgyz authorities and in particular the president for transitional period Roza Otunbayeva repeatedly stated that the Republic has no chances to win and a secret ballot on October 21, 2011 will most likely end with the election of Pakistan; and nobody removed the candidacy of Kyrgyzstan from the race. The observers are at a loss: either official Bishkek dissembles and hopes for the victory or does so because of malicious to remind about itself one more time to the world’s community. The third variant is also possible – Kyrgyzstan will become one of the reformers of the most authoritative Security Council.
Let us remind the UN Security Council has 15 members. Russia, the USA, France, Britain and China have a permanent position in it. 10 others are elected for two years.
At the end of September 2011 the President Roza Otunbayeva has come back from New York. She reported that the Republic has to get 127 votes of the members of the organization out of 194 available to win over Pakistan in a secret ballot following the results of 66th UN General Assembly session. The president for transitional period seemed to estimate with clear understanding the chances of Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan. “It is very developed country where more than 187 million people live/ it has 100 embassies and about dozen consulates all over the world. The forces are not equal in this competitive fight. Also it is necessary to take into account the diplomatic experience of Pakistan,” Roza Otunbayeva emphasized authoritatively.
But the former diplomat drew conclusion authoritatively in the same way for some reason that there is no sense to withdraw Kyrgyzstan’s candidacy from the voting; the Security Council needs reforms and curious to relate… the pieces of advice of perennially holding rallies country id est, Kyrgyzstan.
Probably, Roza Otunbayeva made all these statements having forgotten that a year ago the same Security Council of the UN condemned the violence in Kyrgyzstan and called for an end to bloodshed during the events in June 2010. The conclusions of the international commission of Kimmo Kiljunen are disadvantageous as for Roza Otunbayeva and also the whole Republic. And what can Kyrgyzstan teach the other members of the Security Council in the end?
Otunbayeva’s statements seem more dubious about the lack of prospects of the Republic’s participating in the competition for the votes of the UN countries on the back of real action that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs does abroad. Thus, the Embassy of Kyrgyzstan in the USA as it turns out was engaged in the campaigning for the election of Kyrgyzstan into non-permanent members of the UN Security Council and even held a cultural evening in the building of the UN headquarters on October 14. “Kyrgyzstan nominated its candidacy for the first time and it is ready to take so high international responsibility,” the Vice-Speaker of the Parliament Asiya Sasykbaeva playing the oracle at the event.
The visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan Hina Rabbani Khar seems to be absolutely amazing. She came here only for a few hours (!) for three days before voting in New York and of course, the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan id est, the country- competitor met with the president for transitional period. Poor press release of the assistants of Roza Otunbayeva says that the guest handed to the president for transitional period “personal message of the Prime Minister in Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gillani.” The same press release says that both sides “expressed confidence in the importance of implementation the sovereign right to participate in the work of its bodies by each UN member and wished success each other.”
Roza Otunbayeva called the Prime Minister of Pakistan the day before and stated that “nothing should sadden old traditional connection and cooperation between the countries that have great perspectives for the development in the future. It was about yeah Kyrgyz diplomacy…
They understood everything oversea…
Of course, foreign commentators could not ignore the nonsense of the situation. They even thought to be contradictory the actions and the deeds of the authorities in Kyrgyzstan. The Pakistani mass media were discussing the theme of the membership in the UN Security Council at that moment.
Joshua Kucera, the famous in the USA expert on the problems of the security in Central Asia, Caucasus and Middle East, states referring to analysts of Bloomberg company that Kyrgyzstan has “two charts that can provide with the membership in one of the most influential structures of the UN: the woman that is the leader and airbase.”
The newspaper Times of India weighted the pros and cons in the competition of two countries for non-permanent membership in the UN: “Pakistan is not in the list of world’s favorites – concealment from Osama bin Laden and evident unwillingness to reject terroristic methods as the tool of state policy does not promote the improvement of the situation for Islamabad.” As it turned out Pakistani publication print more alarming materials. They are afraid not only of the statements of Roza Otunbayeva “About the fight till the end” but also assumptions about the USA favor to Kyrgyzstan in this issue. The Dawn publication writes that Pakistan should give… compensation to Kyrgyzstan and “it would have sense get in touch with Kyrgyz leadership and send the ambassador of high-profile to the country to work out the agreement rather attractive for Kyrgyzstan.” Did not Hina Rabbani Khar with the message of her Prime Minister come to Bishkek for that?
There are assumptions where the truth seems to lie in: Roza Otunbayeva did not chicken out in the issue of non-permanent membership in the UN; it is not a secret that they predict in the country the representation of Kyrgyzstan in the most authoritative organization after the elections on October 30 when her “transitional” authority will end.
Stabs in the back
The experts remind that Kyrgyzstan can be the second country of the CIS after Ukraine that will sit in the session of the UN Security Council. Incidentally, Kazakhstan ran for non-permanent members prior to that but Astana passed over for the membership in 2011-2012 not having collected enough votes. As the analysts not the neighbors will present unpleasant surprises to Kyrgyzstan. The first surprise was the refusal of Uzbekistan to support Bishkek. Unpleasant information leaked through diplomatic channels. We can not count on Kazakhs if we could not rely on southern neighbors because of strained relations. Astana has officially assured Pakistan in its support. The experts attribute it with the representation of Kazakhstan in the Islamic Cooperation Organization where the majority support is guaranteed exactly to Pakistan.
There was anecdotal evidence the day before: Iranian Majilis Speaker Ali Larijani stated during the meeting with the Speaker in Kyrgyzstan: “Iran is ready to support the candidacy of Kyrgyzstan in non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council.” It turned out that the representative of Teheran got excited a little bit while local experts were estimating the given promise and tried to correlate it with the very strained relations between Iran and the United States. The Spokesperson’s Office of the Speaker of Kyrgyz Parliament asked mass media not to publish the statements of Larijani because according to them, Iran promised to support Pakistan in fact. The situation seems more absurd against the background of official statements about Tehran’s intention to support… Azerbaijan during the voting for non-permanent membership in the Security Council. According to Iran representatives, it “coincides with their regional interests.”
Whatever it was but they will assign the winners in New York on October 21. There will be voting by secret ballot.
By the way, Islamabad was as the non-permanent member of the UN Security Council six times till 2005. Will it be able to do it for the seventh time?
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