Kyrgyz borders continue to be in fever. Conflicts with neighbors don't fade, despite the assurances of officials. Remember even the recent breakthrough of Uighur Islamist group in Pikertyk area, clashes and skirmishes with border guards on the Kyrgyz-Tajik area, constant incidents in the disputed Kyrgyz-Uzbek territories, skirmish of Kazakh border guards with our Issyk-Kul ones.
And again another conflict. On July 10, in Tamdyk area of Batken province there was a skirmish between border squads of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Then units of the State Border Service of the Kyrgyz Republic on the Kyrgyz-Tajik border area switched to heave security mode. It should be noted that the conflicts on the Kyrgyz-Tajik border have permanent character. And there is no end in sight. All attempts of the officials to negotiate amicably didn't have results. Correspondents of 24.kg news agency decided to ask its respondents how they assess the actions of officials in addressing cross-border issues and what the ways out of the situation are.
Almazbek Baatrybekov, the head of the parliamentary committee on defense and security:
-Border - it is always the intersection of interests between two countries. And so the problems, associated with the boundaries, should be resolved mutually, by agreement. All these controversies weren't resolved for the last 20 years. Our officials tried to solve cross-border issues as far as possible. The only way in this case - negotiations. No other choice.
What will be the actions of the Parliament?
- We have discussed cross-border issues for several times. If the question arises acutely this time, I think there won't be a problem to arrange meeting of committee or plenary session. But we hope that this will not happen and the executive branch can adjust the points of contention.
Mars Sariev, the political scientist:
- I think the actions of officials and security forces are adequate. Another thing that is a deliberate provocation, though not from the central government of Tajikistan, and from middle level of governance. There are opposition games of Tajik elites, aimed at overthrowing of power of the President Emomalii Rahmon. There was the order from Dushanbe to cease fire, the military continued shooting. This suggests that the official Tajikistan does not control its power structures. I think that regional elites gradually run out of control of Rahmon, and I do not exclude their coordination by foreign players.
Destabilization of the Kyrgyz-Tajik relations - it is an external project, and it lasts for a long time. In these circumstances it is worth for Moscow to make an effort in order to resolve this issue in the framework of the CSTO or bilateral negotiations. Because there is an attempt to create the second front against Russia in Central Asia. In this regard, I believe that the Kyrgyz authorities, possibly in private form, should address to the Russian Federation in order Rahmon to understand: this situation could eventually lead to his overthrow.
Tokon Mamytov, the former Vice Prime Minister on Power Block
-It is not appropriate for me to evaluate the work of our government from ethical and political point of view, since I have been and continue to be an officer. My only advice - to restrain and fight.
Dmitry Orlov, the expert:
-The problem is that none of the parties have good negotiators. There is no sense in simple meetings. As we can see, they are not much of use: the next day shooting, conflicts start again. As for the assessment of officials' activity, how can we evaluate what is absent? In diplomacy, as a rule, the parties have to sacrifice something. It is difficult to reach a compromise without it. While the parties do not understand it, the incidents will continue. So I think we need to look for good negotiators and not suspend talks until there is a common denominator.
Once I was asked whether participation of the third parties helps in solving border problems. For example, Russia. I think not. Such issues are addressed directly to those countries where there are problem areas.
Abdygul Chotbayev, the first commander of the National Guard, Colonel-General:
- I consider the actions of authorities insufficient. There was one official, who spoke perfectly, but problems with borders are still not solved. Now the other acts, assures that everything is under control, and things remain the same. I think there won't be changes until the border issues are not addressed at the highest level (President, Prime Minister). Today I've read in the press that the Tajiks require removing Kyrgyz post "Tamdyk." This is an absurd proposal. Maybe then we will give them the whole Kyrgyzstan at once? Our authorities should firmly defend national interests, in order, as they say, no piece of land was given.
Ravshan Sabirov, the Head of the Tajik diaspora:
-All the conflicts on the borders need to be addressed through negotiations. Neighbors from God, and they are not selected. Tajiks and Kyrgyz - proud mountain people. From time immemorial, we have lived side by side, drinking water from the same river. We have become like relatives: since the time of Manas, who married Kanykei, the native of Tajikistan. In the holy month of Ramadan we should be more tolerant and not to succumb to provocations of the third forces. We must resolve all disputed issues through talks, in a legal way.
Arkady Dubnov, the political scientist, expert on CIS countries:
- First - you need resolve border demarcation and the second - to work with the local population. But I am afraid that the basic problem is that the incidents provoking people are uncontrolled by central government as of Bishkek, so Dushanbe. People who are guided only by one purpose - my business, my own interests. Sometimes these interests coincide with those of the central authorities, and sometimes contradict them. Therefore all attempts of vice-premiers of the highest leaders of both countries to agree don't have any results. Frankly speaking, there is an anarchic "Makhnovism" on the border.
In order to resolve this conflict, we need a strong and serious power, which can't comply with the one and the other sides. The second thing - people are living there in the Soviet Union conditions, when there weren't any borders and did not matter where there was Kyrgyz and Tajik territory. They seem not to realize that the World War II ended and there is two independent states.
Correspondents of 24.kg news agency also tried to get a comment of the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Tajikistan to Kyrgyzstan Olim Rakhimov. But the embassy did not want to connect us with him, noting that all the information on the incident is on the departmental website.